Tour de France is the most popular endurance road cycling race in the world which was created in 1903 although its formation has roots back to the first official bicycle race ever made.
From the start, the most popularized bicycle races were not performed on longer distances between cities rather than on small pre-built tracks. There were also difficult competitions that cyclists are demanded race as much as they can over a week or even longer. These incredible feats of endurance fuelled both professionals and recreational drivers to excel at breaking various endurance records, with bicycle touring trips that could last even several years or cover several thousands of miles.
In such time, the organizations of first Tour de France was formed with a truly spectacular multi-stage race that start at Paris, go around the entire France and return to Paris 19 days later. Tour de France was founded by the editors of sports magazine L’Auto who has been experienced financial problems for sometime. This spectacular event was made with primary aim to revitalise its sales and was intentionally made so difficult so that only one driver would have enough power to finish it.
The first Tour de France started on 1st July 1903 in front of Café Reveil-Matin in the village of Montgeron, attracting between 60 and 80 entries after long preparation and changes of rules. The end of the race was at the edge of Paris at Ville d’Avray and the winner was Maurice Garin who overcame the distance of 2,428 km in 94h 33m 14s.
There was disgrace upon the second Tour de France among organisers because of the rampant cheating evolved among competitors during nighttime which disqualified many cyclists. After 1905’s race, night racing was banned, rules and new forms of daily point systems were introduced and stages were shortened. Over the next several decades, Tour de France became the most well-known bicycle race internationally.