Table tennis, also called ping-pong, is a sport in which two or four players compete over hitting a ball back and forth across a hard table divided by a net. The rules are simple: players use rackets to hit a ball toward them after it bounce one time on their side of the table. They must hit the ball so it returns and bounces on the opposite side of the table. A point is scored to a player if the opponent fails to return the ball within the rules. The pace of the game is fast and demands quick reactions to spin the ball altering its trajectory which limits opponent’s options and give the hitter a great advantage.
The worldwide organization International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) founded in 1926 is the official organization managing 226 member associations and establishing rules. Table tennis has made to the list of Olympic sport since 1988, with several event categories including men’s singles, women’s singles, men’s doubles, women’s doubles and team.
Besides the Olympic, the World Table Tennis Championships is the feature tournament which have been held since 1926 with 5 individual events include men’s singles, women’s singles, men’s doubles, women’s double and mixed doubles. The tournament are mostly held in odd numbered years, except for The World Team Table Tennis Championships is held in even numbered years.
For male players, the Hungarian used to dominate the tournament with 12 times winning the championships, then the Japanese dominated in a short period during the 1950s and from the 1960s onward, Chinese emerged as the new dominant power in this tournament with a record 20 world team championship titles.
With female players, in the 1950s, Japan’s women team was a powerful force with winning a total of 8 titles before the Chinese women dominated the ground from the 1970s onwards with 21 women’s team titles