The sport originally called Art du Deplacement, before being referred to as Parkour or Freerunning, was created in France in the 1980s by a group of nine young men.
The term ‘Parkour’ was derived from the French word Parcours which means ‘route’ or ‘course’ while the name ‘Freerunning’ was created Guillaume Pelletier in order to introduce this amazing new sport to an English-speaking audience.
Parkour / Freerunning / Art du Deplacement is the physical discipline of training to move freely over and through any terrains leveraging only the physical capabilities of the body, such as running, jumping, climbing and quadrupedal movement. In fact it emphasis on improving the fundamental attributes required for deliberately movement, including physical strength and functional fitness, balance, spatial awareness, agility, body coordination, precision, control and creative vision. Parkour encourages self-improvement at all levels, breaking one’s physical and mental limits by simultaneously seeking ways to overcome them. It is a way of training the body and mind in order to be absolutely as functional, effective and liberated as possible in any environment.
The sport helps to build confidence, determination, self-expression, community spirit, self-discipline and self-reliance, as well as humility, respect for others and the environment, and the importance of play, discovery and safety at all times.
People practicing this sport aware and must accept that there are possibility of sporting risks of injury to participants in Parkour/Freerunning as with many sports/physical activities; hence they must be careful and be responsible for their own actions.
Parkour has been recognized by all five UK sports councils, including Sport England, tas an official sport which means organisations such as Parkour UK, which inniciate the initial application for its recognition in 2009, will now be able to request government grants and National Lottery funding.
The sport could also soon be introduced in schools after it gained support from both the Youth Sport Trust and the Association for Physical Education