In the past, shooting is an exclusive, tense sport limited to the upper-class and the gentry but in modern time, it has become a global sport with athletes from around 100 countries playing. It’s a testing sport that requires immense skill and nerve which success greatly depends on the ability to act and concentrate under the enormous pressure.
At its early time, the sport was used as a form to raise annual funds for the encouragement of Volunteer Rifle Corps and the promotion of Rifle-shooting throughout Great Britain by the National Rifle Association of the United Kingdom (NRA) which was founded in 1860.
In shooting, there are three disciplines namely rifle, pistol and shotgun. With rifle and pistol, athletes shoot at stationary targets of concentric circles in a range while players playing shotgun must aim at moving targets. The closer to the center, the higher points will be earned.
In rifle and pistol, there are four types of guns competing in three distances (50m rifle, 10m air rifle, 25m rapid fire pistol and 10m air pistol) and three shooting positions (kneeling, prone and standing). Kneeling means the athlete goes down on one knee and rests the gun on the knee; prone means the athlete shoots while lying down; and standing means the athlete shoots in standing position. There are also events that combine all these positions.
Shotgun is the art of shooting at moving targets or so-called clay targets which can be either trap, where the targets are thrown a long distance from a single trap or skeet, where targets are thrown from traps on the left and right.
Shooting has become an official Olympic Game since 1896. It has been featured in every single event with the exceptions of the St Louis 1904 and Amsterdam 1928 Games. Women’s shooting events were added to the schedule at Olympic Games Los Angeles 1984.
At Olympic Games Tokyo 2020, there will be 10m air rifle, 10m air pistol and clay trap featuring in men’s, women’s and mixed events.